%Arabica West Jianguo Road, Shanghai

Shanghai 2019-09

1; The site is located at West Jianguo Road, Xuhui District in Shanghai. With a total length of 2498 meters and a width of more than ten meters, West Jianguo Road sits at the former French Concession area and is gently covered with Chinese parasol trees. The street re-minds people the historical vicissitudes it has been through. The elements that have made West Jianguo Road one of the most charming and exotic neighborhoods in Shanghai include the historic architecture on both sides of the street as well as the comfortable walking expe-rience due to its pleasant street scale. Rather than the dull layout of ordinary commercial streets that separates indoor private space and outdoor public space by enclosed curtain walls, West Jianguo Road forms in a relatively vivid, dynamic and open way in order to make the street a place where genuine communication occurs, helping to shape an urban fabric with “thickness.”   

2; “Architecture builds urban system while inhabitant builds cities.” Serving as the skeleton of a city, streets are the carrier of urban living; they are also the foundation of creating habitable living environment. Today, in high-density modern cities and fast-paced modern life, streets need to grow back to its human scale to offer comfortable, enriching and inclusive experi-ence.

For example, Shimokitazawa in Tokyo has been rated as one of the favorite neighborhoods in lots of surveys in Tokyo, Japan. The uniqueness of the neighborhood is that plenty of stores usually place their furniture such as tables and chairs, display cases and shelves, etc. at the spaces between their storefronts and the streets. People can see and interact with a wide range of products almost everywhere in the neighborhood. The scenes of people din-ing and drinking coffee as well as open-air parties and events make the charming urban life hardly fade away. The characteristic has transformed Shimokitazawa from a conventional linear commercial street to a vivid neighborhood with rich and solid spatial experience. 

We believe that ideal city streets in modern urban environment reflect in the moments that we by chance see people gathering, smell the food they eat, and hear the stories they tell while we walk or wander on the streets. Ideal urban interface suggests to blur the boundary between inside and outside, private and public space. It is a concept with thickness: urban space including civic activities can be flexibly extended without widening the streets. The space with thickness is the key to allow citizens to truly involve in urban space. 

The whole design process of the renovation project for this store with street frontage starts from our strong desire to explore ideal urban interface. Coffee shops can be more than spaces that merely provide coffee for people. We hope that they are public spaces, like small parks, to suggest more communication and social interaction. 

3; The design content of the 50-sqm shop includes both façade and interior renovation. For the façade, rather than practicing with a conventional method, our design chooses to leave the space completely open by creating a small courtyard around a U-shaped glass box. The beautifully curved glass door that can be fully opened and the floor texture extending from the exterior work together to merge the indoor and outdoor space into a whole to the greatest extent, and to leave the inner and outer space blurred. Although the interior space is small, it establishes a courtyard so that the trees in the shop and Chinese parasol trees along the street manage to respond to each other, which can be read as an extension of natural elements of the streets. In addition, in order to ensure the shop’s practicability in different seasons, air conditioning system is installed at the outdoor lounge area. Combined with air curtain machine at the entrance, the system controls the indoor and outdoor air exchange to a certain extent, so that guests can get relatively more pleasant experience in both winter and summer.   

The overall transparent, open and welcoming design helps the coffee shop blend into the urban context and the streetscape. Meanwhile, the design introduces street and urban scenery into the store: The parasol trees, marvelous changes of light and shadows, the crowd passing by – all become a significant part of the whole store. Through the vibrant dialogue with nature and urban streets, we redefine the boundaries between interior and exterior. 

4; Although the project is a 50-sqm small-scale renovation, we consider it as an attempt to explore ideal and habitable urban interface in a deeper sense. Our design strategy focuses on contributing a part of the store’s commercial space to the urban streets by transforming part of interior into exterior. This attitude at least gives a small boost to modern urban spatial experience in a subtle way. We hope that there will be more and more projects like this in the city. They each acts as an individual point, gradually spreading into a network to integrally improve the quality of urban living.


PROJECT NAME%Arabica West Jianguo Road, Shanghai
PROJECT LOCATIONShanghai, China
CLIENT%Arabica
SIZESingle-floor
SITE AREA-
BUILDING AREA50 ㎡
DESIGN PERIOD06.2019-08.2019
CONSTRUCTION PERIOD08.2019-09.2019
PHOTOGRAPHY CREDITEiichi Kano